Category Archives: Databases

SQL Server Conversion failed when converting the varchar value ‘xxxx’ to data type int – A Root Cause Analysis

There are many reasons but this is what I ran into:

The query was simple as follows:

select top 1 stopid from busstops where code = cast('836' as int)

Relevant portions of the table schema is as follows:

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[BusStops](
	[ID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
	[StopID] [varchar](20) NULL,
	[Code] [varchar](20) NULL,
	[Name] [varchar](100) NULL,
	[Summary] [varchar](200) NULL,
	[Lat] [float] NULL,
	[Lon] [float] NULL,	
	[the_geom] [geography] NULL,

When the specified query was executed, SQL Server returned the following response:

Msg 245, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Conversion failed when converting the varchar value 'xxxx' to data type int.

However, if an equivalent query was executed

select top 1 stopid from busstops where code = cast('8789' as int)

this returned the correct result. What is going on here? Are my eyes planning tricks on me?

Apparently, there is a bad value in the code column of the busstops table that is not evaluating to an integer. But is the value entry literally ‘xxxx’ or is this some SQL Server error code? To answer this question, I ran the following query:

select code from busstops where isnumeric(code) = 0 

and sure enough, there were a bunch of NULLs and several entries with literal values of ‘xxxx’ as shown below:


There you go, bad data causing the problem. Presented with a string of ‘xxxx’, SQL Server was unable to convert it to an int, hence the error. Just out of curiosity, I also wanted to know why the first query failed with code of 836 while second query with code of 8789 work?

When you select a top N, SQL Server will stop evaluating the query as soon as it has accumulated N records that meet this criteria. There is a possibility, therefore, that the entire table will not be scanned or seeked, if we are dealing with indexed rows. The theory I formulated was the row with code = 8789 definitely appears before any rows with code = xxxx. To validate this hypothesis, I ran this query:

select id, code from busstops where code in ('8789', '836', 'xxxx')

and the result was as follows;

select id, code from busstops where code in (‘8789’, ‘836’, ‘xxxx’)

92030, 8789
93097, xxxx
96824, xxxx
96930, 836

thus validating the hypothesis. To get to the row containing code = 836, SQL Server has to evaluate the rows containing code = xxxx and it trips here.

I then did a search in the original text file for ‘xxxx’ and sure enough, there were a couple of lines containing this string literal such as :

WH367,xxxx,”RICHARDSON / ALL SAINTS H.S.”,,latitide,longitude,,,0

which is the root cause. To fix this, I correct the data file, re-imported by data into SQL Server and was back to business. However, to make this query more robust and to be able to withstand further discrepancies in the data, further considering this field is of type varchar, I decided to change the query to

select top 1 stopid from busstops where code = '836'

Happy coding.

BCP vs BULK INSERT on SQL Server Azure

I just realized that BULK INSERT is not supported on SQL Server Azure, so had to change some import scripts to use BCP instead. The response you get from SQL Server Azure does not explicitly tell you this. MSDN’s article on BULK INSERT does not say so either. Thanks to some kind folks at Stack Overflow for point me to BCP.

Since BCP works on a local instance of SQL Server as well as Azure, I will stick to it for now, unless proven otherwise.

Connecting to Remote Sybase SQL Anywhere from C#

I recently had to complete a small project that required connecting to a remote Sybase SQL Anywhere 11 instance using C#. The first challenge was to find the correct Sybase SQL Anywhere 11 ODBC connection string.

The result of Googling for “sql anywhere odbc connection string” gives several possibilities.

The one which worked, provided options for a default local engine or remote engine that is not running.   Even though neither applied, together with some colleague who deserve titles as local Sybase gurus, we were able to determine the following connection string:

Driver={SQL Anywhere 11};DatabaseName=my_db_name;EngineName=my_server_name;uid=username;pwd=password;LINKs=tcpip(host=host_ip_address)

After installing SQL Anywhere 11, and ensuring that there is a valid SQL Anywhere 11 ODBC driver as shown below


I was able to connect using the following C# code:

var connectionString = @"Driver={SQL Anywhere 11};DatabaseName=my_db_name;EngineName=my_server_name;uid=username;pwd=password;LINKs=tcpip(host=host_ip_address)";
 using (var cn = new OdbcConnection(connectionString))
 var cmd = new OdbcCommand("select * from dbo.users", cn);

 using (var reader = cmd.ExecuteReader())
 while (reader.Read())
    for (var i = 0; i < reader.FieldCount; i++)
      // option here is to read a name of the column


to query database and grab some objects from the table.